This Div is a JS Trigger


When a lawyer is advising a client on the purchase of a parcel at a sheriff’s sale under the Sale of Land under Execution Act1, the lawyer must advise the client that a Sheriff’s Deed under the Act conveys only the interest that the judgment debtor had in the parcel at the time the judgment was first registered, or that the judgment debtor subsequently acquires.

When a lawyer is advising a client acquiring a parcel in a foreclosure action, the lawyer must advise the client that a Sheriff’s or Auctioneer’s2 Deed conveys only the interest that the mortgagor had in the parcel at the time of the making of the mortgage, or that the mortgagor subsequently acquired3. The lawyer must further advise the client that the Sheriff’s or Auctioneer’s Deed cannot be relied upon as a root of title, or to convey marketable title, in the absence of a full title search.4

When a lawyer acting for a secured lender in a judicial sale knows or has reason to believe that a property under foreclosure or other judicial sale process is shown on public records as being owned by a person who has made an assignment or has been petitioned into bankruptcy, the lawyer must ensure that the relevant assignment has been registered or recorded and that the Trustee has notice of the proceedings, unless the lawyer is satisfied that the property has not vested in the Trustee or has re-vested in the person shown on the public record as the owner.5

A lawyer acting for a purchaser in a judicial sale must review the enabling order and advise the client on the nature of title, if any, transferred or authorized to be transferred
by the order.6


  1. Sale of Land Under Execution Act, R.S.N.S. 1989, c. 409
  2. See generally Civil Procedure Rule 72 which permits foreclosure auctions to be conducted by persons, approved by the Court, other than the sheriff.
  3. Refer generally to Civil Procedure Rule 72, Form 35.12, Rawding v. Peninsula Land Corp. (1990), 99 NSR (2d) 77; 1990 CanLii 4242 (NSSC, AD)
  4. The lawyer must also consider, in the case of a parcel not registered under the Land Registration Act, whether the transfer is a migration “trigger” under s. 37 of the Land Registration Act and whether and by whom the migration is to be effected. [see standard 1.5 Documentation of Advice and Instruction]
  5. Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act, RSC 1985, c. B-3, s. 71; as to disclaimers, see s. 20. See also [Gavel (Re), 2021 NSSC 5]; as to the effect of the failure to record an assignment, see Re Ross 2020 NSSC 36 and [Gavel, 2021 NSSC 5]
  6. For judicial authority to grant vesting orders under s. 243 of the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act, see Royal Bank of Canada v. Eastern Infrastructure Inc. and Allcrete Restoration Limited, 2019 NSSC 297.

Amended by Council on November 25, 2022